The Dinosaur Artist by Paige Williams
Adapted and greatly expanded from her 2013 New Yorker article ‘Bones of Contention’, Paige Williams delves again, more deeply, into the heady and complex world of ‘commercial palaeontology’ and its implications regarding national cultural heritage. The crux of this book (at its literal, paginated heart) is the case that resulted in dinosaur enthusiast Eric Prokopi’s conviction for illegally smuggling a (whole) skeleton of the Tarbosaurus bataar (the Asian variant of T-Rex) into the United States from Mongolia, via the UK, having falsified the customs declaration. Mongolia’s constitution, as it happens, stipulates that dinosaur and other fossil finds are culturally significant and national property. Thus T. bataar was seized and repatriated. But before we even get to this juicy bit, Williams unpacks the international socio-historical context and legislative frameworks (or lack thereof) that underpin the collection and distribution of palaeontological material.
Throughout the first half she introduces readers to key events and historical figures such as Mary Anning, Marsh and Cope, and Roy Chapman Andrews (long touted as the inspiration for the character of Indiana Jones), as well as the contemporary shady and legitimate collector-dealers who, even with all good intentions to promote the study of our planet’s former inhabitants, ignore cultural heritage frameworks in their quest for big dollars. Admittedly, the USA was perhaps a bit late to the party here: only in 2009 did their government introduce legislation to control this, by mandating permits and issuing them to scientists and museum affiliates. While the content of this book is fascinating, the structure is layered (think geological strata) and perhaps suffers from being too detailed and rambling. Not for the faint-hearted, it is nevertheless an ambitious and worthy addition to the natural history and science-writing canon, and also to national cultural heritage literature.