From Secret Ballot to Democracy Sausage

Judith Brett

From Secret Ballot to Democracy Sausage
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From Secret Ballot to Democracy Sausage

Judith Brett

It’s compulsory to vote in Australia.

We are one of a handful of countries in the world that enforce this rule at election time, and the only English-speaking country that makes its citizens vote.

Not only that, we embrace it. We celebrate compulsory voting with barbeques and cake stalls at polling stations, and election parties that spill over into Sunday morning.

But how did this come to be: when and why was voting in Australia made compulsory? How has this affected our politics? And how else is the way we vote different from other democracies?

Lively and inspiring, From Secret Ballot to Democracy Sausage is a landmark account of the character of Australian democracy by the celebrated historian Judith Brett, the prize-winning biographer of Alfred Deakin.   

Review

Judith Brett’s latest offering, hot on the heels of her bestselling (and award-winning) biography of Alfred Deakin, is a tightly written history of Australia’s electoral system. Moreover, it reads like a thriller.

Some would argue that our electoral system isn’t perfect, but it’s pretty damn good: we all turn out on a Saturday, queue for a bit, vote, then eat our democracy sausages (or cakes). And then in the evening, if you’re anything like me, you get out the cheese and wine and settle down to watch the count. The majoritarian nature of the system ensures that all votes are utilised, capturing the views and preferences of minority groups in society, unlike in the UK where first-past-the-post is used. The voting, the counting, the individual booths, the chosen day, and even the pencils have a backstory. Something I didn’t know until reading this book is that the booths themselves (now heavy-duty cardboard) are a uniquely Australian invention!

Brett’s thematic chapters explore the key innovations such as how we administer our elections and the creation of our preferential voting system, showing that the evolution of these systems was far from smooth. She also delves into the heated issues and debates around women’s suffrage, Indigenous disenfranchisement, and compulsory voting; illuminating key figures along the way. The chapter giving an account of the debate over the Franchise Act which, when passed, resulted in the disenfranchisement of First Australians, left me appalled and ashamed. Those supportive of Indigenous enfranchisement rationally argued that suffrage should extend naturally from the original and traditional custodianship of the continent. Peppered with fascinating facts such as the early name for the Liberal Party when it was originally formed (The Fusion Party – sounding every bit like a ’90s boy-band!), this is a fantastic read for an election year!


Julia Jackson is the assistant shop manager at Readings Carlton.

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